The ostrich was initially found all through Africa and extending into the Middle East.
Ostriches are currently found in greatly reduced numbers in limited areas. Four varietys have continue to exist:
North African Ostrich
Masai (East African) Ostrich
South African Ostrich
In the 1800’s, North African and South African Ostriches were interbred in South Africa to produce the domesticated South African or Cape Black Ostrich.
Because of the color of the skin on the legs and necks of males during the breeding season, North and east African birds are commonly known as Red-neck, and Somali and South African birds as Blue-neck.
Ostriches are the largest living birds; males commonly stand 2–3 meters in height (6.5–9.8 ft) and may weigh up to 180 kg (400 lb).
Ostriches can run up to a speed of around 70km/hr(40 mph) and can outrun other animals like lions
Females are smaller with weights up to 150 kg (330 lb). Male birds have black and white plumage; females and juveniles are brownish grey Although ostrich can’t fly but still its running speed makes it among the fastest birds on earth
The ostrich is an omnivore. Ostriches eat a variety of seeds, sprouts and seek food like fruits on trees. They complement their diet by eating small animals like lizards and insects etc
Ostriches do not posses any teeth to crush the food so they intake small stones which help them to grind the food and quickens the digestion process
Ostrich intestine is around 45-foot long i.e. twice that of a human
Their average age is around 50 yrs